Stained Glass in Wales | Gwydr Lliw yng Nghymru

Henry Holiday (1839-1927)

Artist and stained glass designer. Henry George Alexander Holiday entered the Royal Academy Schools at the age of 15 and was soon drawn to the ideas, and the artists, of the Pre-Raphaelite movement. He was influenced by his friend Edward Burne-Jones and shared the socialism of William Morris. His work in stained glass is closely associated with James Powell & Sons, designing windows for the firm from late 1862 until 1890. He also designed windows that were made by Lavers and Barraud and Heaton, Butler and Bayne in the 1860s. Holiday influence on the work of Powell's had a long-lasting effect on their production through the work of his pupils and assistants into the 1920s.

Despite the success of his work with Powell's, he became intensely critical of the studio system endemic at most stained glass firms, and ended his association with Powell's to establish his own workshop in 1890. From about 1900 he even made his own glass at the workshop. His later work was made at Lowndes & Drury's Glass House in Fulham, and his last windows were executed by E. Liddall Armitage.

Henry Holiday also worked as a painter, illustrator and sculptor, and his broad range of interests led to involvement in the campaign for Irish Home Rule, women's suffrage and dress reform.

Further reading

William Waters, Angels & Icons: Pre-Raphaelite Stained Glass 1850–1870 (Abbots Morton: Serapim Press, 2012), pp. 142–4, 218–19, 254–7, and further references.

Peter Cormack, Arts and Crafts Stained Glass (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2015), pp. 11–14 and further references.

William Waters, Damozels and Deities: Pre-Raphaelite Stained Glass 1870–1898 (Abbots Morton: Seraphim, 2017), pp. 168–221, 372–85 and further references.

Dennis Hadley and Joan Hadley, 'Henry Holiday, 1839–1927' The Journal of Stained Glass, vol. xix, no. 1 (1989–90), 48–69.

Peter Cormack, 'Holiday, Henry George Alexander (1839–1927)' (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007 (online edition)).

'Obituary: Henry Holiday (1839–1927)' Journal of the British Society of Master Glass-Painters, vol. ii, no. 2 (1927), 105–6.

Henry Holiday, Stained Glass as an Art (London: Macmillan, 1896).

Martin Crampin, Stained Glass from Welsh Churches (Talybont: Y Lolfa, 2014), pp 167-72.

Martin Harrison, Victorian Stained Glass (London: 1980), pp. 44–6, 52–5, 79–80 and further references.




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  Christ with Children Brought by their Mothers and the Raising of Tabitha Christ with Children Brought by their Mothers and the Raising of Tabitha
designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
about 1868
Church of All Saints, St Thomas, Swansea
south wall of the south aisle (window number: sV)
  Faith, Hope and Charity Faith, Hope and Charity
designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1880
Church of St Mary, Betws-y-coed, Conwy
north wall of the north aisle
  Jesus is Anointed and Suffer the Little Children Jesus is Anointed and Suffer the Little Children
Designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1882
Church of St Peter, Llandevaud, Newport
west wall
  The Adoration of the Magi The Adoration of the Magi
designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1886
Church of St Cynog, Penderyn, Rhondda Cynon Taff
east wall of the chancel (window number: I)
  The Presentation in the Temple The Presentation in the Temple
designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1886
Church of St Cynog, Penderyn, Rhondda Cynon Taff
south wall of the sanctuary (window number: sII)
Resurrection and Ascension
designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1888
Church of the Holy Trinity, Ystrad Mynach, Caerphilly
east wall of the chancel (window number: I)
  The Presentation in the Temple The Presentation in the Temple
designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1890
Church of St Peter, Pwllheli, Gwynedd
south wall of the south aisle (Capel Beuno)
  The Crucifixion The Crucifixion
artist: Henry Holiday
1901
Church of St Matthew, Buckley, Flintshire
east window of the chancel (window number: I)
  Righteousness and Truth Righteousness and Truth
artist: Henry Holiday
1901
Church of St Matthew, Buckley, Flintshire
north wall of the chancel (window number: nII)
  Faith and Love Faith and Love
artist: Henry Holiday
1901
Church of St Matthew, Buckley, Flintshire
south wall of the chancel (window number: sII)




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